Playing sports, either for fun or competitively, presents certain health benefits. However, one cannot avoid the fact that he/she will have a sports injury while playing. As the name implies, sports injuries are injuries acquired while playing a sport or during training. These can be because of accidents, shoddy sporting technique, or improper use of sporting or training equipment.
There are literally hundreds of sporting injuries. This being said, some parts of our body are more susceptible to injuries or damages compared with others. Here is a list of the most common sporting injuries & treatments on how you can recover from a sporting injury.
Common Sporting Injuries & Treatments
- Achilles Tendinitis
Achilles tendinitis results from an overuse of our Achilles tendon, which is the tendon on the rear side of our ankles. Usually, a person with such condition suffers from pain and inflammation. If Achilles tendinitis is not addressed immediately, it will become a chronic condition. As a result, the person may not be able to run anymore.
Achilles tendinitis is common among athletes who frequently run or jump. This can be avoided by doing stretching or strengthening exercises for the calf muscles. Through an anti-inflammatory medication called RICE, one can overcome acute Achilles tendinitis. RICE pertains to Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. Medical experts also advise athletes to strengthen their calf muscles and take a rest from the sport until the injured tendon is wholly healed.
- Strains and Sprains
Strains and sprains are the most typical sporting injuries. A teared or overstretched ligament leads to sprain. This injury usually occurs in our knees, ankles and wrists. On the other hand, a strain is caused by overstretched fibers in a muscle or tendon. There are different types of pulled muscle and strain injuries, depending on the affected body parts. This being said, the most common treatment for these conditions is applying a cold compress to the painful area. It is also suggested to take a rest until the pain or swelling abates.
- Tennis Elbow
An overused muscle and tendon in the forearm and elbow areas can cause tennis elbow. This is common among tennis and squash players, or to any athletes who swing their elbows when playing a sport. Treating tennis elbow involves injection of cortisone to relieve the pain and reduce the inflammation. Doing exercises that are focused on strengthening the forearms will address the stresses around the forearm tendon.
Other types of sports injuries can be remedied through surgeries, rehabilitation and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Moreover, therapies such as electrostimulation, cryotherapy, chiropractic treatment and ultrasound are known to help in the treatment of different sports injuries.